The stockholder principle notes that only one corporate social obligation exists: to use its wealth to partake in programs aimed at raising its earnings as long as it works without bribery or fraud. Milton Friedman, a famous economist and Nobel Prize recipient, proposed this idea, claiming that the primary duty of the companies rests with their stockholders and that the latter was involved in profile maximization. Members would then serve as representatives for the stockholders and concentrate on their needs. Do you want to learn more? Visit stakeholder vs shareholder
A more example is R’s Stakeholder Theory. Edward Freeman who’s concentrated on who’s hurt. In Freeman’s “A Stakeholder Philosophy of the New Company,” he says members are binding on all stakeholders: consumers, vendors, managers, shareholders, staff, and the surrounding community — those essential to the organization’s existence and progress. We do have a spiritual obligation towards all human beings. Corporations generating money should be kept collectively accountable for contributing financially and directly to the advancement of community, e.g. recycling of goods and donating consistently and often to worthwhile causes, rather than waiting for a catastrophe to arise and only participating with a view of desirable attention.
Immanuel Kant studied Friedman’s stockholder theory and Freeman’s stakeholder theory, also known as Kantian capitalism, adding that while companies adopt the stockholder principle, they refuse to consider and value the interests of others that contribute to their life, and place themselves in a position to self-destruct by incompetence and selfishness. The Stakeholder Hypothesis is also equivalent to the stockholder principle.
Faced with extreme poverty, certain corporations lay employees down, in accordance with the stockholder rule. Most businesses are more worried with the interests of workers and are seeking to find a sort of consensus and express a respect for a workers ‘families in doing so. The result is usually beneficial for both the company and its workers.
As company organisations placed into action the opinions of Frederick Winslow Taylor on science management, proprietors were the only stakeholders. Leaders also needed to rely on raising income and workers have had to labor intensely for unsatisfactory salaries. Climate concerns were not an concern and consumers bought what was sold on the market. Today, businesses have to negotiate with employers ‘labor power, collective unions, consumers, retailers, etc. plus there are environmental issues, policy legislation, etc. Unfortunately, many businesses often rely (mainly) on revenues and often give heed to the interests of customers while they are forced to do so.