Lumpectomies for the treatment of breast cancer is a growing therapy method that spares much of the breast. For early breast cancer detection nowadays, less invasive and improved breast protection is now commonplace. However, the lumpectomies leave indentations and crater-like dents upon removal of the cancerous tissue. Checkout stem cell injection for more info. The conventional use of breast implants for reconstruction may not always result in a satisfactory solution, due to the size and position of lumpectomy defects. Other autologous breast reconstruction methods such as muscle and skin-fat flaps may be too large of an operation for the undesired donor scars issue.
Recent research around the world has given rise to a modern and less invasive breast reconstruction process for lumpectomy defects. If sufficient breast skin is available, it will restore areas of indentations and collapse by filling the space where the breast tissue was removed. Fat cells are processed using cosmetic liposuction methods, stem cells derived from the fat are inserted into the breast defect using a mixture of stem cells and concentrated fat.
This groundbreaking therapy, but not fully confirmed, is focused on the understanding that subcutaneous fat is a rich source of stem cells. Stems cells are pluripotent cells that can be theoretically stimulated to turn into new fat cells. (Maybe this is what happens with a crash diet and then a bounced weight gain?) Fat is suctioned, usually from the abdomen or buttocks, and the stem cells are then separated by centrifugation. The stem cells extracted are then mixed in with the remaining fat and injected into the defect.site of the breast lumpectomy. The idea is that using stem cells will help keep the fat that has been transplanted alive … or become fat cells themselves. Be that as it may, the volume of material injected remains because it becomes living tissue.
A specific position paper on the use of fat injected into the breast was issued by the American Society of Plastic Surgery. In summary, they state its use and the end results are affected by many different factors , especially the technique used to harvest, concentrate, mix, and ultimately inject into the breast. The operation is highly reliant upon the user. The use of it in the breast lacks sufficient scientific studies to determine long-term efficacy. The decision to use fat injections in the breast is one for the patient and their plastic surgeon to decide.
Using fat treatments, with or without stem cells, has a lot of use for facial and buttock augmentation and recent history. My experience with stem cell focus is minimal in my practice of plastic surgery in Indianapolis, but I have often used platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with fat to improve survival. The final medical mixture will be the combination of washed and filtered fat, stem cells, and PRP. This may be a bit of the approach of an alchemist, but all of the components are autologous and will not cause any harm. The goal is to maximize the survival of fat graft and to retain volume. I am confident that both additions to PRP and stem cell are useful but the question is which one of the two is better. This is actually unknown. In the near future, I am launching a clinical trial to look at these very problems and how this strategy works for breast lumpectomy defects.